عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In this article, after reviewing Qom and Najaf schools as the two prominent and influential schools in the history of seminaries, Ayatollah Taleghani’s principles of political thoughts were thoroughly analyzed and finally it was concluded that he is regarded as taking a middle position between the two schools. The School of Najaf is one of the oldest schools of seminaries which has always been known as a movement that has not pursued the political authority of Islamic jurists (Wilāyat-i Faqīh) in the occultation of Imam Mahdi and Akhund Khorasani (Mohammad-Kazem Khorasani) is the symbol of this school. The key feature of “The School of Qom”, as a prominent school in the history of Qom seminary established by Imam Khomeini, is the expansion of Velayat in politics as a modern theory of the supreme wilāyat and Wilāyat-i Faqīh which is the more advanced and evolved form of The School of Samarra. Hence, however, Ayatollah Taleqani in his School of Faqih openly shows a tendency to Najaf School and its leaders including Mirza-ye Na'ini and that is why he has annotated his treatise titled “Allameh Discipline and Transcendence Malt” in practice he obviously emphasizes the support for the symbol of the School of Qom- Imam Khomeini. All this lead to his being considered as the revolution long-time friend (Asubequon). He has also made all-out theoretical efforts to introduce Islam as social and political and anti-secular doctrine.