عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Revolutions and uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa, as one of the most important events in the beginning of the second decade of the twenty first century, have attracted the attention of experts and analysts of international affairs. Meanwhile, there are different ideas about the causes, bases and the nature of such phenomenon. One of existing strategies analyzes these events on the base of Greater Middle East plan. But the common approach of people and elites in countries experiencing revolution in Middle East and North America to Islamic principles made the phenomenon of “Islamic Awakening " with Islamic Revolution as its central axis, a more appropriate analysis than the concept of "Arabic Spring" with a democratic approach which is more desirable for Americans. The research question is whether Islamic Revolution or American model has been successful for being adapted by new uprisings in the Middle East. The hypothesis of the paper is that The United States of America, in his model through relying on its soft power resources, has predicted the political changes in North Africa and Middle East which are in accord with American pattern of Liberal-Democrat while in actual course of such revolutions the changes towards “Islamic Awakening” are led by the model of Islamic Revolution of Iran. The victory of leadership pattern in Islamic Revolution and the influence of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s soft power over that of America are among the reasons for realization of Islamic awakening phenomenon. Naturally, the theoretical and analytical framework of the paper is based on Great Middle East Plan as a guide to American foreign policy in Middle East after September 11th and the idea of Islamic awakening.