تحلیلی بر انقلاب مصر از منظر جنبش‌های اجتماعی جدید و تلۀ بنیانگذار

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشجوی دکتری علوم سیاسی دانشگاه اصفهان- نویسنده مسئول

3 کارشناشی ارشد مطالعات منطقه ای دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

عموماً استدلال می­شود انقلاب­هایی که در کشورهای عربی در جریان بیداری اسلامی خودنمایی کرده­اند، به­واسطه خواسته­ها و انتظاراتی بود که مردم از هیأت حاکمه درخواست کرده و ناکام مانده­اند. مقاله حاضر درصدد است تا به واکاوی و تحلیل انقلاب مصر از منظر جنبش­های اجتماعی جدید و تلۀ بنیانگذار بپردازد تا نمایان سازد که این تحول، برآمده از اقدامات و جهت­گیری­های کلی حاکمان بوده است. بدین­سان، مقاله پیش­رو تلاش می­کند تا به روش کیفی و با رویکرد توصیفی- تحلیلی، به این پرسش پاسخ دهد که با در نظر گرفتن بحران تلۀ بنیانگذار، وقوع تحولات انقلابی در مصر تا چه اندازه با نظریه جنبش­های اجتماعی جدید مطابقت می­کند؟ نتایج تحقیق نشان می­دهد حکومت مصر در تلۀ بنیانگذار گرفتار شده و بهره­گیری از جنبش­های اجتماعی جدید یکی از دلایل اصلی تحولات صورت گرفته در این کشور بود که وجود مطالبات و تقاضاهای موجود در میان مردم را پوشش داده و به عرصه­ای جهت وقوع انقلاب متعیّن گشت. هر چند با توجه به واقعیت­های موجود، اقتصاد سیاسی در نظریه جنبش­های اجتماعی جدید در تحولات انقلابی مصر با فقر تئوریک مواجه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Egyptian revolution from the perspective of new social movements and trap founder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hoosein Harsij 1
  • Ali Ebrahimi 2
  • Mojtaba Mohammadi 3
1 Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Isfahan
3 student, Department Political sciences University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Popular uprisings in the current Islamic awareness or Arab spring led to demands articulated by different sections of Tunisian society, and new social movements paved the way for the occurrence of disorderly behaviors. Indeed, domino like changes led to the formation of Tunisian revolution, as a result of general orientations of Arab rulers, on one hand, which can be called as a problem of "Founder's Trap", and as an importance of new social movements in the explanation of changes in the northern Africa, on the other hand, which faced with research gap prior to that. By utilizing qualitative method and descriptive-analytical approach, this study, with the purpose of filling a part of the existing gap, is aimed at replying to this main question: to what extent, by considering Founder's Trap crisis, the occurrence of revolutionary developments in Tunisia, does adopt with the theory of new social movements? Findings of this research show: first, Founder's Trap crisis in the country under study is among important reasons responsible for the formation of new social movements. Second, exploiting new social movements is one of the main factors in the changes happened in this country, which covers requests and demands of the people, and determines the occurrence of the revolution. Finally, theory of new social movements encountered theoretical fault once faced with revolutionary changes and current realities of the Arab world. This, in turn, necessitates considering the subject of political economy in reviewing, development, and more efficacy of the theory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • New Social Movements
  • Founder's Trap
  • People's Demands
  • revolution
  • Egyptian
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