جنگ مدرن و تخاصمات سایبری در چارچوب فضای بین‌الملل

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی- واحد تهران جنوب

چکیده

مخاصمات در دنیای کنونی در دوقالب سایبری و نظامی به وقوع می پیوندد. حملات سایبری مانند مخاصمات مسلحانه باید متناسب و در چهارچوب حقوق بشردوستانه تجلی باید. اصلی بی طرفی در حملات سایبری و حفظ معیارهای حقوق بشردوستانه در حملات سایبری به مراکز اصلی کشورها باید در رعایت حقوق غیرنظامیان و منطبق بر تمایز بین نظامیان ، افراد غیر نظامی که به طور مستقیم در جنگ شرکت کرده اند باشد.  تناسب در رفتار یا عکس العمل در مخاصمه سایبری نیز ازاصولی است که باید  رعایت گردد. هنگامی که که حمله ای باعث جان باختن زندگی غیر نظامیان ، ایراد صدمه و آسیب به آنها، ایراد خسارت به اشیاء و اموال غیر نظامی، و یا ایراد تمام خسارت های ذکر شده برخلاف نوع تجاوز گردد و به طور کلی منافع غیرنظامیان مورد تجاوز جدی قرار گیرد تناسب در حمله رعایت نگردیده و ممنوع می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Information Technology Review on the Basis of International Law in International Conflict

نویسنده [English]

  • Ali Faghih Habibi
چکیده [English]

Conflicts in the current world occur in two forms of cyber and military. Cyber attacks, such as armed conflict, must fit into the framework of humanitarian law. The principle of neutrality in cyberattacks and the maintenance of human rights standards in cyberattacks to the main centers of the states must be in keeping with the civil rights of the civilians and in accordance with the distinction between military personnel and civilians directly involved in the war.Equity in behavior or reaction in a cyber conflict is one of the principles that must be observed. When an attack causes the loss of life of civilians, injury and damage to them, damage to objects

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cyber space
  • rape
  • cyberattack
  • Necessity
  • fitness
  • emphasis and neutrality in cyberattacks
AP I, arts. 51(2). art. 51(3)., arts. 51(5)(b) & 57(2)(a)(iii)., art. 57(1)., art. 57., art. 58., art. 56(1). art. 55(1). arts. 51(2) & 54

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International Law Department United States Naval War College,Newport, U.S.A. 2012 4th International Conference on Cyber Confl ict,C. Czosseck, R. Ottis, K. Ziolkowski (Eds.),2012 © NATO CCD COE,publications, Tallinn,p284

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Matthew C. Waxman ( Associate Professor of Law, Columbia Law School). Cyber Attacks as “Force” under UN Charter Article 2(4), International Law Studies - Volume 87.p45

Matthew C. Waxman ( Associate Professor of Law, Columbia Law School). Cyber Attacks as “Force” under UN Charter Article 2(4), International Law Studies - Volume 87.p 48

Matthew C. Waxman ( Associate Professor of Law, Columbia Law School). Cyber Attacks as “Force” under UN Charter Article 2(4), International Law Studies - Volume 87.p 49

Matthew C. Waxman ( Associate Professor of Law, Columbia Law School). Cyber Attacks as “Force” under UN Charter Article 2(4), International Law Studies - Volume 87.p 45

Matthew C. Waxman ( Associate Professor of Law, Columbia Law School). Cyber Attacks as “Force” under UN Charter Article 2(4), International Law Studies - Volume 87.p46

Matthew C. Waxman ( Associate Professor of Law, Columbia Law School). Cyber Attacks as “Force” under UN Charter Article 2(4), International Law Studies - Volume 87.p46

Matthew C. Waxman ( Associate Professor of Law, Columbia Law School). Cyber Attacks as “Force” under UN Charter Article 2(4), International Law Studies - Volume 87.p 48

Matthew C. Waxman, Cyber-Attacks and the Use of Force: Back to the Future of Article 2(4), THE YALE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW,Vol. 36: 421

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Military objectives are targets that meet two criteria: they serve a military purpose and their incapacitation conveys a definite advantage. Protocol Additional I, supra note 120, art. 52(2). 

Oona A. Hathaway, Rebecca Crootof, Philip Levitz, Haley Nix, Aileen Nowlan, William Perdue, Julia Spiegel,  THE LAW OF CYBER-ATTACK,  Forthcoming in the California Law Review, 2012,p7

Oona A. Hathaway, Rebecca Crootof, Philip Levitz, Haley Nix, Aileen Nowlan, William Perdue, Julia Spiegel,  THE LAW OF CYBER-ATTACK,  Forthcoming in the California Law Review, 2012,p10

Oona A. Hathaway, Rebecca Crootof, Philip Levitz, Haley Nix, Aileen Nowlan, William Perdue, Julia Spiegel,  THE LAW OF CYBER-ATTACK,  Forthcoming in the California Law Review, 2012,p10-12

Oona A. Hathaway, Rebecca Crootof, Philip Levitz, Haley Nix, Aileen Nowlan, William Perdue, Julia Spiegel , THE LAW OF CYBER-ATTACK,  Forthcoming in the California Law Review, 2012,p43

Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol 1),art. 51(5)(b), 57(2)(a)(iii)

Protocol Additional I, art. 54(2).  

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol 1),art. 48, art. 51(5)(b),art. 85(3)(b).,art. 85(3)(a). arts. 51(5)(b), 54, 57(2)(a)(iii), 52(2)

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