عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The first serious encounter between Iran and the Western world occurred during the Qajar period, and this is the period in which both sides of the encounter experienced specific circumstances. On the one hand, Iran was in the aftermath of the collapse of the Safavid government, which had long been confronted by Qajar statesmen, and on the other hand, the post-Renaissance postwar developmentists sought to expand their economic and cultural domination in the east. Territories like Iran. The turning point of these developmental stances in Iran's attention to Iran-Russia wars will eventually end in Iran's defeat in these wars and will have implications for Iran.
In this regard, the role of this generation of Iranian elites who transcended the West from their immediate perspective, their implications and actions, are unreliable, which, in terms of liberalism, democracy, The constitution, parliamentarism, and even astonishment in the context of the West, were first noticed by the same people and their travel logs to Iran.
In this research, the travelogue of Mir Abdollatif Shushtari has been chosen that can be considered as an appropriate study tool for revising the attitudes of first-generation intellectuals