عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Western human rights have been based on merely "being mankind" and human's divine nature and one's talent to achieve worthy evolution have been ignored. In this viewpoint of human rights, concentrating the view on liberal thought, atheism, individualism and formalism and ignoring the beginning and the destination of the existence and the universe and then ignoring duties and personalities, what is not western is not considered as human rights and rather than paying attention to human sublimation, real human identity is ignored and therefore any ideological, political, cultural and racial differences will be changed to serious challenges. Because which of them, on this viewpoint, leads to formation of a new identity. Really western human rights discourse has not been universal both theoretically and practically. Neither it has been successful to achieve universal consensus or at least to involve a common area of different cultures and civilizations nor it could have been impartial than different cultures, religions and civilizations, kept out humanism and codified rights based on primary and innate requirements.
Criticizing the bases of humanist western human rights discourse, this paper is supposed to explain that these rights have been based on atheist humanism and therefore cannot be universal.